Abstract：As one of the most important parts of the Belt and Road Initiative, ChinaAfrica maritime traffic has great potential for cooperation. Seaport and ground access facility in subSaharan Africa lag behind and have severely impeded its economic development. At present, guided by regional plan, regional cooperation organizations and countries have begun to promote the construction of corridors and ports for transportation. In the process of coordinating the infrastructure development plan of Africa, Chinese financing agencies, construction and operation companies have built, invested, and operated some port projects along the African coast to promote interAfrican connectivity as well as ChinaAfrica maritime connectivity. However, the Chinese enterprises are confronted with economic risks derived from projects layout, the role of SOEs and operation pattern; social risks triggered by environmental issues and economic nationalism; and geopolitical risks caused by external political factors. These risk factors are often intertwined with and triggered by each other. With the aim to strengthen Chinas participation in African port projects and promote SinoAfrica maritime connectivity, it will be of great significance to properly handle the risks. Therefore, the Chinese government, financing agencies, construction and investment companies need to coordinate to improve the risk assessment and layout of projects, expand financing channels, strengthen social risk prevention, establish the community of stakeholders, and make the best of the multilateral platform of cooperation.