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Pacific Journal 2024 Vol. 32, No. 1  Published: 27 January 2024
 
Feature
Research on Near Space Flight Supervision from the Perspective of Global Space Security Governance Hot!
ZHANG Chaohan, HU Manxin
2024 Vol. 32 (1): 1-16   |  Full text (HTML) (1 KB)  | PDF   PDF (1049 KB)  ( 152 )
Abstract
As an important connection point for global integration, near space is a military strategic high point for achieving longterm aerial reconnaissance and global precision strikes. Having been affected by the controversy over the delimitation of air space and outer space, the regulatory rules for the near space flights still rely on the domestic legislation of some countries, and effective regulation and coordination have not yet been achieved at the international level. In the context of the legal status of near space undefined, the regulatory subject is unclear, the regulatory object is uncertain, the regulatory content is complex, and flight activities are controversial, and the existing international aerospace legal system is no longer able to meet the practical needs of adjusting such new relationships. Building a targeted regulatory system is not only the foundation for the orderly development of the industry, but also an important guarantee for ensuring national defense security and the development and utilization of near space resources. Therefore, the regulation of near space vehicles requires collaborative efforts from state actors and international organizations. At the domestic legislative level, China can refer to the relevant content of the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS) Study Draft Convention on the Regulation of Near Space, either actively promoting the integration of near space rule into the institutional design of aviation or space law, or formulating a separate near space law. In order to achieve the coordination between ground national safety and existing aerospace activities, the revision of rules is required to focus on regulatory matters such as registration, access permit, and promulgation of near space vehicles, driving international legislation with domestic legislation. From the perspective of global space security governance, the longterm solution to breaking the regulatory deadlock of near space flight activities lies in reaching a specialized international agreement on near space regulation. However, this plan currently faces numerous obstacles from politics, law, technology, and other aspects, and coordinating domestic legislation in various countries has become a potential breakthrough point. At the international legislative level, the International Civil Aviation Organization can play a leading role in promoting international cooperation in the innocent passage of near space, while either revising the relevant annexes to the Convention on International Civil Aviation or adding new annex standards for near space flights, in order to unify technical standards for near space flight vehicles and promote the construction of international unified rules.
Economy and Society
The Belt and Road Initiative and New Type of Global Governance: An Analysis of International Political Economy Hot!
LIANG Haoguang
2024 Vol. 32 (1): 17-30   |  Full text (HTML) (1 KB)  | PDF   PDF (997 KB)  ( 24 )
Abstract
The coconstructing of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is an international practice guided by a new concept of global governance, which helps lead and shape a new order of global governance. As an important concept in international political economy studies, the global governance refers to the process of solving global issues by utilizing international mechanisms. Based on the analytical framework of international political economy of the wealthpowersocial purpose nexus, this paper analyses the role of the Belt and Road Initiative in the global governance, and assesses its influence on international order from a different perspective. The aim of this study was to develop a new conceptual framework to better understand the relationship between the BRI and global governance. There are three major findings in this paper. Firstly, the research found that the coconstruction of the BRI has promoted a more balanced division of labor in global value chains, and improved the position of developing countries in international production network and distribution of global wealth. Secondly, the research showed that the BRI has not only strengthened China’s structural power in security, production, finance and knowledge, but also promoted the diffusion and transfer of structural power among participating countries. Thirdly, the research revealed the nature of the BRI, which is committed to help build a global community of shared future, to reverse the recent tendencies of deglobalization, and to form reglobalization. These findings add to a growing body of evidence that suggests the gradual shift of center of global power from west to east, providing deeper insights into how the BRI operates to improve the existing international political and economic structure through policy coordination, connectivity of infrastructure, unimpeded trade, financial integration and peopletopeople ties. Furthermore, in terms of its implementation, the BRI upholds multilateralism with core principle of peaceful coexistence, amity, sincerity, mutual benefit, and inclusiveness, calling for the actively adoption of approaches such as dialogue, effective communication and policy coordination to overcome difficulties and challenges in a collective action. As a result, the BRI has helped to increase the voices of developing countries in global governance through the establishment of discursive power over international regimes. More importantly, the BRI offers new solutions for global governance which are both inclusive and pragmatic, featuring Chinese wisdom and Chinese solutions for addressing global issues. In conclusion, the BRI has made a significant contribution to deepening regional cooperation, boosting global economy, and constructing a fairer and more equitable global governance system, which will take humanity to a better future.
 
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