Abstract：During the recovery process of the past decade, world economy has witnessed new developments such as profound adjustment of structure, continuous change of pattern, unprecedented increase of force against globalization and arduous shift of governance. One Belt One Road (OBOR) Initiative proposed by China has demonstrated great significance in this context. On the one hand, promoting international cooperation on productive capacity will help accelerate a new round of global industrial transfer. On the other hand, increasing connectivity will enhance shaping overall pattern of the AsianEuropean economy and trade. At this moment when the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation is to be held in Beijing, what China needs to consider first is how to tell the story of the OBOR and make the logic underpinning heard and accepted. This article identifies two major topics which may guide the construction of One Belt One Road: one is to confront the fourth industrial revolution together, and the other is to carry out a new type of globalization. Only when broad consensus has been reached on these two crucial issues, will the construction of One Belt One Road be successfully achieved.