We maintain or enhance our selfesteem by maximizing differences between our group and other groups on dimensions that positively reflect traits of our group. It appears that the more we identify with our group, the more likely we are to discriminate against outgroups. Chinas “nonArctic states” identity leads to the discrimination by Arctic States. Chinese representatives has emphasized that China is a major stakeholder in the Arctic at Arctic Circle Assembly, 2015. It will be more beneficial to strengthen cooperation if we view all participants as “Arctic Stakeholders”. The construction of identity consists of internal construction and external recognition. China conforms to standards of “Arctic Stakeholders”, and China is trying to gain more external recognition. Furthermore, China also needs to play the role of a responsible Arctic Stakeholder.