Abstract：In the era of deepening globalization, global commons governance has become an emerging pattern of global governance. Such a new pattern demonstrates not only the expansion of governance fields, but also the change of ideology underpining global governance. Global commons governance challenges several basic principles of modern international system and promotes the paradigm transformation of global governance from nationalism and transnationalism to globalism. Moreover, global commons governance requires that the globalism paradigm should be characterized by “hard governance” with a higher level of integration. Nowadays, at the turning point of paradigms transformation, many inherent paradoxes in global commons governance emerge. To create strategic opportunities for a deeper participation in global commons governance and make contributions to the construction of the global commons community with a shared future, China should innovate diplomatic thinking, and establish new concepts of interest, security, accomplishment, and development.