Abstract At present, with the evolution of the world political and economic landscape, the developed countries led by the US forfeit the “willingness” to participate in global governance, losing their “ability” to lead global governance in the meanwhile. As a result, the process of globalization is encountering considerable obstacles, and the process of cooperation among countries in dealing with global issues is slowing down. Under such circumstances, global governance needs to be injected with a new impetus. In this case, President Xi took the opportunity to put forward the concept of global governance in a pioneering and historic way. Xi Jinping's concepts on global governance are in sharp contrast with the traditional and gradually failed Western global governance system at 4 levels. It always complies with the basic framework of the United Nations, takes the common development as the basic path, adopts the general attitude of equality and inclusiveness, and always holds on to the principle of non-interference in internal affairs as the bottom line. The formation of such concepts has made great theoretical contributions to and far-reaching historical influence on promoting world peace and development, propelling appropriate global governance, enriching and developing the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics.