America's geopolitical cognition of “Indo-Pacific” has gone through a long period, while the issuance of Indo-Pacific Strategy by the Trump administration seems to be a little hasty, which results from, to a large degree, the joint efforts of American Establishment and allies such as Japan and Australia. From the perspective of strategic design, although the US issued the Indo-Pacific Strategy Report, the concept of India-Pacific Strategy has yet to be fully formed. It mainly reflects the demands of the US in this region and demonstrates a trend and direction. The core issue is that as the Indo-Pacific region becomes more important, the US hopes to maintain and expand its military, diplomatic, economic and cultural advantages in the region, with the aim to better curb China's rise at sea and increase of regional influence. In terms of progress and potential of America's Indo-Pacific Strategy, the developments of its main pillars of military, economic and cultural values are not balanced. The military strength of the US stands out, while progress in other areas is relatively slow. A comprehensive assessment shows that the Indo-Pacific strategy of the US still faces many challenges. In which, the biggest problem is the lack of feasible path and reliable resource support. There is a long way to go before the strategy witnesses a complete implementation. However, even if partially realized, the strategy would pose a serious threat to China's national security and surrounding environment.
The South Pacific is an important extension of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. It is supposed to be a strategic choice to strengthen cooperation in deep sea mining with Pacific Island Countries. In the first place, the paper analyzes in detail reasons to enhance cooperation in deep sea mining between China and the Pacific island countries. Secondly, the paper makes a comprehensive exploration into challenges from scientific, technical, economic, environmental and political perspectives. In the end, the paper proposes targeted approaches and policies to guarantee effective cooperation, such as strengthening highlevel communications, building cooperative partners, deepening scientific research cooperation, participating in environmental governance, following sound commercial principles and making full use of international law. In conclusion, presently, it is a good choice to cooperate with the pacific island countries in deep sea mining.
The year of 2019 marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. Over the past seven decades, China, on the one hand, has experienced a historic change from a closed and semi-closed economy into a fully open economy. China has been actively participating in the economic globalization, playing the due role in contributing to the common development of mankind. On the other hand, China, in order to promote reforms of the global governance system, has been actively making efforts to establish an open world economy and to build a community with a shared future for mankind. Therefore, China is gradually moving towards the center of the world stage, playing an indispensable role in global economic governance. From the perspective of the coordination of international and domestic rules, the paper divides the process of China's participation in global economic governance in the past seventy years into four phases: to explore, to introduce, to study and apply, and to lead and make international rules. Especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China has carried out a comprehensive review of the situations both domestic and abroad. Under the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, China, with great passion, is participating in and leading the reform and construction of the global governance system, making the economic globalization more open, inclusive, balanced and beneficial to all. In the context that the world is undergoing profound changes unseen in a century, China, with the aim to build a community with a shared future for humankind, shall utilize the Belt and Road Initiative as an effective path to make great breakthroughs by improving multilateral system within the WTO framework. By taking these measures, China will be able to enhance the coordination of domestic and international rules in all aspects and therefore strengthening its capacity for effective participation in global economic governance.
It has been 10 years since the founding of the BRICS cooperation mechanism. The importance of the BRICS countries in the global goods trade has been increasing, and the active intraregional trade among BRICS countries has further deepened the trade connectivity and intensity of all members. Based on the BACI database, the paper makes a shiftshare analysis and builds the trade potential matrix between China and the other BRICS countries at the product level. The results show that although the BRICS countries’ export products to China are highly concentrated, the BRICS countries have great potential in exports to China. Those products characterized by “positive advantage” and “positive potential” make up the major part of exported products from BRICS countries to China, and resource products, as well as medi and hightech products, have the greatest export potential. With the development of the BRICS mechanism, the BRICS countries are expected to achieve more diversified bilateral trade with higher added value through more indepth policy and technical cooperation, as well as institutional trade arrangement.
The value realization of ecological products identifies the process that transfers ecosystem services into economic value by means of market trade or government management, which directly embodies the idea that lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets. The theoretical foundations for value realization of ecological products are systemically explored in the paper. The ecological products are divided into two categories of physical products and cultural tourism services, as well as general ecosystem services. The means for value realization of the two categories are respectively discussed. Finally,the paper proposes the necessary conditions of market trade and government management for the value realization of ecological products.